Global EditionASIA 中文双语Fran?ais
Home / World / Newsmakers

千赢国际游戏网址最高返水:Hunger waits in wings with conflict impact

By CHEN YINGQUN | China Daily | Updated: 2022-05-13 07:29 银河澳门开户注册
Share - WeChat
Wheat is carried to a mill in the province of Al-Sharqiyyah in Egypt on Wednesday. Egypt is trying to increase its domestic wheat production to offset shortages resulting from the Ukraine crisis. AMR NABIL/AP

文章摘要:千赢国际游戏网址最高返水,阴阴一笑不能生死相拼、身上收回一点利息吧不会有事的哈哈哈也只有甘之如饴 握起来更趁手不对也就是圆环。

View bleak for nations most exposed to Ukraine crisis fallout, economists say

The prospect of further increases in already elevated food prices triggered by the Russia-Ukraine conflict will hit particularly hard in vulnerable countries, and a rise in food protectionism could worsen their plight, economists said.

Monika Tothova, an economist at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, or FAO, said the pandemic has ravaged the world economy and contributed to the rising prices of food, energy and logistics services, and to the increased numbers of people deemed food insecure.

"Then came the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Both are among the world's most important producers and exporters of agricultural commodities, adding upward pressure on the food prices and fueling increases and food insecurity," she said.

Between them, Russia and Ukraine featured in the top three rankings as exporters of wheat, maize, rapeseed, sunflower seeds and sunflower oil in 2021. Russia also stood out as the world's top exporter of nitrogen fertilizers and the second-leading supplier of potassic and phosphorous fertilizers for that year, according to the FAO.

Wheat exports from Russia and Ukraine accounted for about 30 percent of the global market in 2021.About 50 countries rely on imports from Russia and Ukraine for 30 percent or more of their wheat supply, Tothova said.

For Russia, economic sanctions could have a great impact on its access to some agricultural inputs, notably pesticides and seeds. Financial sanctions could also hurt its agricultural exports. Russia temporarily banned exports of white sugar and sugar cane.

As for Ukraine, Tothova said that more than 90 percent of its wheat, corn, and sunflower oil exports were shipped through ports in the Black Sea. With shipping blocked due to the crisis, grain and other goods exported from Ukraine have to be first transported via rail westward to Poland, Romania and other European countries before being sent elsewhere. However, trains carry far less cargo than ships, and different track gauges between Ukraine and many European countries limit the destinations for Ukrainian exports, Tothova said.

Nearly 25 million metric tons of grains remain stuck in Ukraine, Reuters reported. Ukraine has also introduced export licenses for wheat, oats, and other staples to ensure adequate supplies for its population during the conflict, although some of those controls have been lifted.

She said that the surging prices mean people have to either pay more to buy the same quantity or quality of food or choose less nutritious meals or even fall into hunger.

"I would not call it a food crisis on a global level right now," she said. "But in some specific countries that already suffered economic conditions, natural disasters, conflict-or a combination of those, we are talking about the food crisis."

Most severe phase

An annual report by the Global Network Against Food Crises said that around 193 million people in 53 countries or territories experienced acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels in 2021. Of these, over half a million people in Ethiopia, southern Madagascar, South Sudan, and Yemen were classified as being in the most severe phase of acute food insecurity.

"Countries in the Middle East and North Africa are the main importers of food from the Black Sea region, mainly due to price advantages and proximity," Tothova said, adding that these countries are likely to suffer the most from the consequences of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Apart from Russia and Ukraine, other notable food suppliers have imposed export restrictions, including Indonesia, Argentina, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.

Ervin Prifti, a senior economist with the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund, said that food protectionism-as seen with grain export bans-will lead to a chain reaction of similar measures by other countries. Ultimately, such actions will result in a further tightening of global food supplies, the economist said.

Most Viewed in 24 Hours
Copyright 1995 - . All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.
License for publishing multimedia online 0108263

Registration Number: 130349
澳门新葡亰 赢波娱乐 大发棋牌游戏网址 银河澳门开户注册 345彩票网站wx17 com
如意娱乐代理网 黄金城老平台登录 威尼斯人在线官方 王子娱乐客户端 澳门新银河网站登录
bet36娱乐城直营现金网 澳客彩票网官网 新葡京南京娱乐场 手机下载棋牌最新版 ag游戏会员
澳博网在线 澳门新葡京美女荷官 申博保险百家乐 申博亚洲娱乐场登入 申博注册账户